- Known for the Pythagorean theorem, Pythagoras was a famous Greek philosopher and mathematician, who lived around the year 500 BC. The theorem proposed by him was related to the three sides of right angle triangle: a² + b² = c².
- Known as the “Father of Geometry”, Euclid was a Greek mathematician who was famous for his revolutionary ideas and “Elements”, a book he wrote around the year 300 BC which proved to be very influential.
- The method to determine the volume of objects with irregular shapes was developed by Archimedes of Syracuse who lived around 250 BC.
- Known as Fibonacci, Leonardo of Pisa lived between 1170 and 1250 and was an Italian mathematician who is known for the number sequence named after him: Fibonacci numbers. In his book “Liber Abaci”he introduced the sequence to Western Europe after they had been described by Indian mathematicians. The Fibonacci sequence: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987, ….
- Significant discoveries were made related to planetary motion and orbits by Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler in the 17th century.
- Gottfried Leibniz who lived between 1646 and 1716 was a German mathematician and is famous for developing vital calculus concepts and mathematical notation practices,
- Laws of physics were discovered by Isaac Newton who also brought together many significant concepts of minuscule calculus.
- The theories of the French philosopher Rene Descartes are the foundation of the work done by Leibniz and Newton. He not only had contributions in philosophy but also had a vital influence on mathematics, creating analytical geometry, developing a system that describes geometry using algebra, contributing to optics and much more.

- Question of
## To visit the ruins of Sparta, you would travel to present day…

- Egypt
- Italy
- Greece

- Question of
## Who painted the Mona Lisa?

- Leonardo da Vinci
- Michelangelo

- Question of
## What is the largest island in the world?

- Greenland
- The UK

- Question of
## Which bird was commonly used by humans to send messages?

- Hawk
- Eagle
- Sparrow
- Pigeon

- Question of
## Which river runs through London?

- Seine
- Danube
- Thames
- Rhine

- Question of
## In Greek mythology, Nemesis is the Goddess of…

- Victory
- Love and Beauty
- Revenge
- The Underworld

- Question of
## How many rings appear on the Olympic flag?

- 11
- 5
- 9
- 7

- Question of
## Which sport is associated with Wimbledon?

- Golf
- Hockey
- Cricket
- Polo
- Tennis
- Soccer

- Question of
## What is the square root of 4,900?

- 49
- 29
- 40
- 70

- Question of
## What is the capital of China?

- Shanghai
- Beijing

- Question of
## Which animal has been hunted for its ivory?

- Lion
- Bear
- Deer
- Elephant

- Question of
## Which river runs through Paris?

- Seine
- Rhine
- Loire
- Thames

- Question of
## Which country has a red maple leaf on its flag?

- Canada
- Australia

- Question of
## Who wrote The Great Gatsby?

- F. Scott Fitzgerald
- J. D. Salinger
- Ernest Hemingway
- Mark Twain